Alzheimer’s disease is a condition in which nerve cells inside the brain begin to die and signals become difficult for the brain to transmit. People with Alzheimer’s have difficulty remembering, making decisions, and thinking, which makes it difficult to work and perform daily tasks. Nerve cell death occurs gradually over a period of several years.
Signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease
Most of the signs and symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease start slowly over several years. Symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease may not show up early, sometimes only when family members think carefully about the past can they know when the symptoms started to appear. Common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease include:
♦ Memory impairment. The person has difficulty remembering or learning new information. In later stages of the disease, the person begins to lose long-term memory and does not even remember personal information, such as the name, occupation, place of birth, or the names of close family members. Some of the other symptoms are as follows:
He keeps repeating the questions or sentences he has already said without remembering.
Forgets pre-arranged appointments or events and does not recall them later.
Always and normally either leaves his belongings or places them in unreasonable places. For example, he either forgets where he puts his keys or puts his keys in the refrigerator.
Anxiety and loss. People with Alzheimer’s may have trouble remembering what season or fish they are in right now, or even whether it is night or day, and they may or may not have known their familiar places and routes.
♦ Speaking and writing. People with Alzheimer’s may have trouble using the right words to express their object, mood, or thought. Over time, their ability to speak and write decreases even more, and they may even lose the names of simple devices such as pencils and pens or to understand what others are saying.
Difficulty performing normal daily tasks and duties. People with Alzheimer’s have trouble doing daily tasks such as eating, dressing or combing their hair.
♦ Changes in personality and behavior. The person becomes irrational, angry, aggressive, restless, or calm and depressed. Over time, people with Alzheimer’s disease become confused, paranoid, or frightened.
Decreased power of thinking and reasoning. Alzheimer’s disease makes it difficult to concentrate and think, especially about abstract concepts such as numbers. It is difficult for people with financial problems to manage and pay their bills on time. Over time, they may even have difficulty remembering and examining the numbers and meanings of each number.
Difficulty in making decisions and judging. People with Alzheimer’s may go out on a cold day without a jacket or clothes, or go to the store in pajamas and without shoes.
♦ sleep disorder. A person may sleep during the day and stay awake all night.
Causes of Alzheimer’s
Although the underlying cause of Alzheimer’s is unknown, scientists believe that for most people, Alzheimer’s disease is the result of a combination of genetic, lifestyle, and environmental factors. Here are some factors that can increase your risk of developing Alzheimer’s:
♦ Age. The risk of developing Alzheimer’s increases greatly when you reach the age of 65, and about half of those over the age of 85 have Alzheimer’s. Of course, people who carry certain genes that cause Alzheimer’s may develop the disease between the ages of 40 and 50.
♦ Family history and genetics. People with first-degree relatives (parents or siblings) have a higher risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease than others.
♦ Gender. Women usually live longer than men and therefore may have a higher risk of cancer.
Brain injuries in the past. People who have had severe or recurrent brain damage are more likely to develop Alzheimer’s.
Lifestyle and heart health. Although there is no specific lifestyle that reduces the risk of Alzheimer’s, some findings suggest that risk factors for heart health may also play a role in Alzheimer’s, for example:
Low mobility and low exercise.
High blood pressure.
High blood cholesterol.
Diet without fruits and vegetables.
♦ Lack of social relationships.
Treat Alzheimer’s with lifestyle changes and traditional or alternative medicine
Although there is no definitive and scientific conclusion about lifestyle changes that improve or prevent Alzheimer’s, the following tips and changes, even if they do not affect the treatment or prevention of Alzheimer’s, are good for the general health of people. And there is no harm in using them, these factors include:
♦ Regular exercise.
♦ Low fat diets and high fat diets.
♦ Omega 3 fatty acids.
♦ Social interaction.
♦ Brain-stimulating activities such as reading books or learning other languages.
♦ Vitamin E Of course, note that taking vitamin E arbitrarily increases the risk of death and no one should take it without a doctor’s prescription.
Prevention of Alzheimer’s
Unfortunately, there is still no proven way to prevent Alzheimer’s, as the cause or causes of the disease are unknown. However, one of the best ways to prevent Alzheimer’s today is to reduce the risk of heart disease. Controlling important factors that affect heart health, such as high blood pressure and possible obesity, can help prevent Alzheimer’s. Increased physical activity, social relationships and a healthy diet can reduce the risk of Alzheimer’s.
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